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Music of Hale Smith
Boston Musica Viva;
Timothy W. Holley, cello; Dr. Ira Wiggins, saxophone;
Slovenic Symphony Orchestra
Anton Nanut, Conductor
Hilda Harris, soprano; Zita Carno, piano;
Mark Husey, piano; Alexandria Choral Society; Kerry Krebill, conductor;
Natalie Hinderas, piano;
Kulas Choir and Chamber Orchestra
CRI 860 (2000)

 

 

 

 

 

African Heritage Symphonic Series, Vol. II
Ritual and Incantations
(12:45)
Chicago Sinfonietta
Paul Freeman, Conductor
Cedille 90000 061 (2001)

Home -> Composers -> Smith, Hale

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Hale Smith  (1925-2009)

African American Composer, Pianist & Professor
 

 


Table of Contents

  1 Birth
  2 Youth
  3 High School
  4 Music Education
  5 Recital of Works
  6 Music Editor
  7 Professor
  8 Influence
  9 Variety
 10 Compositions
 11 Honors
 12 Music of Hale Smith
 13 Additional CDs
 14 Death
 15 Works
 16 Bibliography
 

Photo Credit Marilyn Harris (mid-1970s)

Audio Sample: Cedille 90000 061 (2001); African Heritage Symphonic Series, Vol. II; Chicago Sinfonietta; Paul Freeman, Conductor  Ritual And Incantations

1 Birth
Hale Smith was an African American composer, arranger, editor and professor of music.  He was born in Cleveland, Ohio on June 29, 1925.  Dominique-René de Lerma, Professor of Music at Lawrence University, has generously made his research entry on Hale Smith available to this Website.  Marilyn Harris is a former student whose Hale Smith Tribute  is at http://www.MarilynHarris.com  Paul Horsley wrote the liner notes for the CD Music of Hale Smith, CRI 860 (2000). 

2 Youth
Dominique-René de Lerma summarizes Hale Smith's youthful musical activities:               

Hale Smith began the study of piano at age 7, and regularly attended the children’s concerts of the Cleveland Orchestra in his hometown.  He soon began to develop a library of scores and learned aspects of printing from his father.

Paul Horsley writes in his liner notes:

His early training on the piano began at age seven, and his initial performance experience included both classical and jazz music.

3 High School
We learn from the research entry that in his high school years Hale Smith played jazz piano with several friends and was already doing some composing:

When in high school, he was active as a jazz pianist, joined by such friends as Ernie Freeman (band leader), Brenton Banks (violin), Howard Roberts (trumpet), and Aaron Bell (double bass and saxophone).  When 16, he was befriended by Duke Ellington who offered comments on one of Smith’s manuscripts. He played mellophone in the high school band and that of Freeman.

Marilyn Harris notes that the young Hale Smith provided piano accompaniment for jazz singers during their performances.

4 Music Education
Prof. De Lerma writes that Smith began his music education shortly after completing his military service, during which he arranged and performed music:

Following two years in military service (1943-1945), when he served as arranger and played double bass and piano, he entered the Cleveland Institute of Music in 1946 (B.M., 1950; M.M., 1952), working with Ward Lewis and in particular with Marcel Dick.

We learn from Paul Horsley that Hale Smith married Juanita Hancock in 1948, and the couple had four children.  Prof. De Lerma adds:

He was already winner in 1952 of the first student composition competition sponsored by BMI; and his song cycle, The valley wind, had been praised by Wallingford Riegger.

Paul Horsley adds that it was Smith's composition Five Songs which won him the BMI Student Composer Award.

5 Recital of Works
The research entry says a recital in Cleveland in May of 1955 was the first devoted exclusively to compositions of Hale Smith:

At Cleveland’s Karamu House in May 1955 was presented the first recital dedicated totally to his music. His friends during this period included writers who were known as the Free Lance Poets (Russell Atkins, Casper Jordan, and his cousin Raoul Abdul), concerned with the means whereby music conveyed thought.

6 Music Editor
We learn from Dominique-René de Lerma that Hale Smith moved to New York in 1958 and began working as a music editor:

He left his native Cleveland for New York in 1958.  Armed with insight into the printing business, he was able to qualify as music editor and consultant for music publishers: Edward B. Marks, C. F. Peters, Frank Music, and Sam Fox.

Marilyn Harris tells us Hale Smith received a commission from BMI in 1960 for the work Contours for Orchestra.

7 Professor
Hale Smith taught at C.W. Post College on Long Island until 1970.  From 1970-84 he was Professor of Music at the University of Connecticut-Storrs.  Marilyn Harris tells of warm personal recollections of that period:

Hale provided a glowing example of how one might create a musical life in the Big Apple, from whence he commuted to Storrs, CT every week.  We eagerly awaited his arrival Tuesday mornings (okay - it was generally afternoon by the time he'd appear!) - and we hung on his every word for the next couple days.  Knowing Hale existed and had an actual career in music gave my friends and me hope for the future, and what he taught us then continues to ring true.

8 Influence
Prof. De Lerma lists several of the many students, colleagues and friends who were influenced in their music careers by Hale Smith:

He served as mentor, colleague, arranger, teacher, or consultant for many figures, including Ron Ancrum, Regina Baiocchi, Dizzy Gillespie, Chico Hamilton, Marilyn Harris, Isaac Hayes, Ahmad Jamal, Quincy Jones, Isaac Hayes, Abbey Lincoln, Melba Liston, Oliver Nelson, Jessye Norman, Horace Silver, Randy Weston, Howard Swanson, and Eric Dolphy.

9 Variety
The research entry emphasizes that his status as a serious composer did not prevent Hale Smith from producing compositions and arrangements for a variety of purposes:

His activity as composer is universally respected but, without aesthetic compromise, he has worked as arranger with a wide variety of literature and written jingles for television, incidental music for the theater, and educational pieces for younger instrumentalists and for ensembles.

10 Compositions
Hale Smith's compositions for orchestra and chorus have often been influenced by jazz or have used serial techniques.  In addition to Contours for Orchestra, Harris notes, he has composed:       

Ritual and Incantation
Innerflexions
By Yearning and By Beautiful
Music for Harp and Orchestra
Orchestral Set
Mediations in Passage

Other works have included vocal and instrumental music for both chamber ensemble and solo performer.  Sheet music may be obtained from Juanita Smith.  She may be reached by fax at (516) 868-9873 or e-mail at jrs4567@aol.com

11 Honors
We learn from Prof. De Lerma of several awards and appointments Hale Smith received:

He served on the board of the American Music Center (where he was also director), Composers Recordings Inc., the Freeport Arts Council (of which he was a co-founder, president, and board
chairman), and was appointed to the New York State Council on the Arts (1993-1997) by Governor Mario Cuomo. The Smithsonian Institution has a series of cassette recordings of interviews with him.  He was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Cleveland Institute of Music.

12 Music of Hale Smith
Music of Hale Smith, CRI 860 (2000) surveys nearly four decades of the composer's work.  It opens with Dialogues & Commentaries (1990-91) (12:46), performed by Boston Musica Viva under the direction of Richard Pittman.  The second work is Variations à due (1984) (11:23), played by Timothy W. Holley, cello, and Dr. Ira Wiggins, saxophone.  It is followed by one of Smith's best-known works, Innerflexions (1977) (13:54).  It is performed by the Slovenic Symphony Orchestra, led by Anthony Nanut, conductor. The fourth composition is a vocal work, The Valley Wind (1955) (14:55), sung by Hilda Harris, mezzo-soprano, and Zita Carno, piano.  Next is Toussaint L'Ouverture, 1803 (1979) (5:58).  Mark Husey is the pianist. The Alexandria Choral Society is led by Kerry Krebill.  Paul Horsley writes in the liner notes:

Toussaint L'Ouverture, 1803, composed in 1979, is a choral paean to the great black hero of Haiti, with a tragedy-tinged text by Adelaide Simon (1921-1967).  Its dense harmonies are imbued with sensitive text-painting and a glowing conclusion depicting the death of the imprisoned Toussaint.

Pianist Natalie Hinderas plays Evocation (1966) (3:18).  Finally, In Memoriam - Beryl Rubinstein (1953) (6:29) is sung by the Kulas Choir and Chamber Orchestra, conducted by Robert Shaw.

13 Additional CDs

Four Negro Spirituals are works arranged for soprano and orchestra by the composer and performed by Louise Toppin, soprano, on the CD Witness, Albany Records Troy 868 (2006).  The Czech National Symphony Orchestra is conducted by Paul Freeman. The Hale Smith Tribute displays covers of 16 CDs which include the composer's
Ritual and Incantations  (12:45), recorded by the Chicago Sinfonietta under the direction of Paul Freeman on African Heritage Symphonic Series, Vol. II,  Cedille 90000 061 (2001). 

14 Death
Hale Smith was ill for the last several years of his life.
His longtime friend Regina Harris Baiocchi reported that he died at 11:00 p.m., Tuesday, November 24, 2009.   Regina says Hale Smith lived in Freeport, New York.  Suzanne Flandreau of the Center for Black Music Research states:

He had been at home in hospice care for the past few months.

The New York Times published an obituary on Nov. 27, 2009:

Hale Smith, Who Broke Borders of Classical and Jazz, Is Dead at 84
                     ...
In addition to his wife, he is survived by a daughter, Robin, of Manhattan; three sons, Michael, of Freeport; Eric, of York, Pa.; and Marcel, of Harpursville, N.Y.; and three grandchildren.”

15 Works
Prof. Dominique-René de Lerma

A change has got to come, for tenor & orchestra, by Jester Hairston, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 7:22.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

A change has got to come, for tenor & orchestra, by Jester Hairston, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 7:22.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

Abide with me, for orchestra. Duration: 2:39.

LP: Royal Philharmionic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977).

Alison, for jazz ensemble.

LP: Benny Bailey; Ahmad Jamal.

Amazing grace, for orchestra. Duration: 2:40.

LP: Royal Philharmionic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977).

America the beautiful, for orchestra. Duration: 3:17.

LP: Royal Philharmionic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977; America’s favorite hymns).

Anticipations, introspections and reflections, for piano (1971). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1979. 10p. Duration: 6:00. Dedication: Marcel Dick. Première: 1971; UMCP; Western Piano Festival; Natalie Hinderas, piano [or was Zita Carno, in New York, the first?]

Ask your mama; 12 moods for jazz, for soprano, baritone & jazz ensemble. Text: Langston Hughes.

Battle hymn of the republic, for SATB & orchestra.

AC: Springfield Symphony Orchestra [MA]; Paul Freeman, conductor (1982).

Beyond the rim of day, for medium voice & piano (1950). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1970. 8p. Text: Langston Hughes. 1. March moon; 2. Troubled woman; 3. To a little lover-lass, dead. Duration: 7:40. Dedication: Gladys Tiff. Première: Karamu Theater, Cleveland; Gladys Tiff, soprano; Charles Baskeville, piano. Library: Library of Congress (LC 70-234237).

AC: Devonna Barnes Rowe, soprano; McCoy Ransom, piano (1982).

----- 1. March moon.

AT: George Shirley, tenor; Wayne Sanders, piano (1976)

Blood wedding, incidental music to the play by Garcia Lorca (1953). Duration: 90:00. Commission: Karamu Theater, Cleveland. Première: Karamu Theater, Cleveland; Benno Frank, conductor. See also: Study in sonority.

Bold new approach, incidental film music, for piano and instrumental quintet (1960). Duration: 60:00. Première: Irving Jacoby, producer.

3 Brevities, for flute (1969). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1969. 5p. (#15411-4). 1. Allegro; 2. Slowly; 3. Fast. Duration: 5:15. Commission: Eric Dolphy and Jerome Richardson. Dedication: The second of the set, based on a motif from the second symphony of Wallingford Riegger, is dedicated to him. Première: ca/ 1961; Cleveland; Thomas Nyfinger, flute. Library: Library of Congress (76-234189).

AC: Effie Hillian, flute (1978).

AT: Sally Erisman Turk, flute.

LP: D. Antoinette Handy, flute. Eastern ERS-513 (ca. 1970).

By yearning and by beautiful (1961), for string orchestra. New York: Edward B. Marks. Duration: 6:00. Dedication: Russell Atkins, who text stimulated the composition. Première: 1972; Richmond Symphony Orchestra; Joseph Kennedy, conductor.

Comes tomorrow (1972, rev. 1976), cantata for soprano, alto, tenor, bass-baritone & jazz ensemble. Text: Hale Smith.
1. Exhortation; 2, How lucky I am; 3. Every day is a new day; 4. Who good is a world? Duration: 20:00. Commission: Touglaoo College. Première: 10 December 1972; Woodworth Hall, Tougaloo; Tougaloo College Concert Choir; Jackson College instrumental ensemble; A. Lovelace, Gwendolyn Sims, Hattie Johnson, Melvin White, Larry Robinson; Kermit Holly, conductor.

Concert music (1972), for piano & orchestra. New York: C. F. Peters. (#66623) Duration: 14:00. Instrumentation: 2222 (p), 2111, 2 perc, harp, cel, strings. Commission: Virginia State College, Undine Smith Moore, and Altona Trent Johns, for Jewel and Leon Thompson. Dedication: Jewel and Leon Thompson. Première: 24 February 1972; Jewel Thompson, piano; Richmond Symphony Orchestra; Leon Thompson, conductor.

Contours (1962), for orchestra. New York: C. F. Peters, 1962. 37p. (Edition Peters, 6503) Duration: 9:00. Instrumentation: 2222, 4431, timp, perc, harp, piano, strings. Commission: BMI, for its 20th anniversary. Dedication: Carl Haverlin, and in memoriam, Clarence Cameron White and Wallingford Riegger. Première: 1962; Louisville Orchestra; Robert Whitney, conductor. Library: Lerma, Library of Congress (66-3653/M). Recorded: (1) First Editions LOU-632 (Louisville Orchestra; Robert Whitney, conductor) 1962, (2) (Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra; Michael Morgan, conductor) 1981. Library: Lerma (1-2).

Crowing hen blues. Text: Langston Hughes. Library: Yale (lead sheet).

Doxology, for orchestra. Duration: 4:19.

LP: Royal Philharmionic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977).

Duo, violin & piano, op. 9 (1953). New York: Composers Facsimile Edition, 1959. 33p, & part. Première: 1955; Karamu Theater, Cleveland; Jeno Antal, violin; Betty Oberacker, piano.

AT: Stephen Shipps, violin; Paul Parmalee, piano (1970).

New York: C. F. Peters. (Edition Peters, 66624)

Epicedal variations (1956), for violin & piano. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1968. Duration: 12:00. Dedication: In memoriam, Ward Lewis. Première: Cleveland; Elliott Golub, violin; John Ferritto, piano;

Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1979. 16p. & part.

Ev'ry time I feel the spirit, for low voice & orchestra. 19p. Instrumentation: 0121 p bcl (Eh, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone), 1111, perc, strings. Library: Lerma.

Evocation (1965), for piano. New York: C. F. Peters, 1966. 3p. (Edition Peters, 6875) Duration: 4:00. Dedication: Bascom and Sue Little. Première: 1965; Cleveland; Nancy Voigt, piano.

LP: Natalie Hinderas, piano. Desto DC-7102/3 (ca. 1971).

Exchanges (1972), for trumpet & band. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1972. Duration: 7:50. Commission: Robert Nagel. Première: 1972; Bethlehem PA; Robert Nagel, trumpet; Lehigh University Band; Jonathan Elkus, conductor.

-----, arranged by Thomas Crane, for trumpet & piano. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1976. 11p. & part. (MS 1868; #15861-13) Library: Library of Congress.

Expansions (1967), for band. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1967. 28p. (Marks band library, CB-130) Duration: 8:17. Commission: Southern Illinois University Band. Première: 1967; Edwardsville IL; Southern Illinois University Band; C. Dale Fjerstad, conductor.

LP: Southern Illinois University Band; C. Dale Fjerstad, conductor. Educational Record Reference Library Band Program v7 BP-172

LP: Northwestern University Symphonic Wind Ensemble; John P. Paynter, conductor. New World Records NW-211 (1977).

Faces of jazz (1968), for piano. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1968. 16p. (#15334-16) 1. My scarf is yellow; 2. The broken saxophone [dedication: Eric Dolphy]; 3. Pooty's blues; 4. Day's end [dedication: Eric Dolphy]; 5. Off-beat Shorty; 6. Blooz [dedication: Ahmad Jamal]; 7. Following [dedication: John Lewis]; 8. Scrambled eggs and Ernie [dedication: Ernie Wilkins]; 9. That's Mike; 10. An asphodel for Marcel; 11. Goin' in a hurry [dedication: Ahmad Jamal]; 12. Come to my party [dedication: William Randall].

Feathers, for jazz quartet.

LP: Eric Dolphy, alto saxophone; Ron Carter, cello; George Duvivier, double bass; Roy Haynes, drums New Jazz NJLP-8252 & Prestige PR-7652 & Prestige 24008 & Prestige tapes M82408DP & M52408DR & Esquire 32-153 & Xtra 5054 (1960).

Feria, for string orchestra. Dedication: Russell Atkins.

-----, for woodwind quintet.

For one called Billy, on his 80th birthday (1975), for piano. Reprinted in The Black perspective in music, v3n2 (1975/V) p224-225. Duration: 2:00. Dedication: William Grant Still.

I love music, for jazz trio. Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

I'm coming home (1974), for SATB with option piano and/or rhythm. Melville: Belwin-Mills (MC-4616) Duration: 4:10. Dedication: In memory of Hall Johnson.

Improvisations, piano (1976). 1. Tura-lura-lura; 2. I dream of Jeannie with the light brown hair; 3. Blooz 1 & 2; 4. All the things you are; 5. Prelude to a kiss; 6. Milagros; 7. Twinkle, twinkle, little star.

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976).

In memoriam Beryl Rubinstein (1953), for SATB & piano. New York: Galaxy Music, 1959. 16p. (Cleveland Guild publication series; #HP-56; 7,00561) 1. Ah; 2. Poème d'automne [text: Langston Hughes]; 3. Elegy [text: Russell Atkins]. Duration: 10:30. Library: Library of Congress (1966, photocopy of holograph).

-----, for SATB & chamber orchestra (1958).

LP: Kulas Choir and Chamber Orchestra; Robert Shaw, conductor. CRI SD-182 (ca. 1964).

Innerflections, for orchestra. Première: 2 September 1977; Avery Fisher Hall, New York; New York Philharmonic; Leon Thompson, conductor.

AC: pringfield MA Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor, with commentary by the composer (1982).

Introduction, cadenzas and interludes (1974), for flute, alto flute, oboe, clarinet, piano, harp, violin, viola & violoncello. Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1979. 28p. & parts. Duration: 12:00. Commission: Nassau County Office of Cultural Development. Première: 1974; Sea Cliff Chamber Players. Library: Library of Congress (79-771734).

Introspections and reflections, for piano.

AC: Jo Ann Richardson, piano (1980).

Invention, piano

Inventions on non-existent melodies, improvised on pitches given by the audience (1976), for piano

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976).

Jazz lines, transcribed from Dawn Records. New York: Charles Colin.

Jazz sounds; eight jazz quartets for all instruments. New York: Charles Colin, 1959. 17p. Library: Library of Congress.

Jesus, lay your head in the window, for high voice & orchestra. 19p. Instrumentation: 2122 Eh, 4221, perc, strings. Duration: 3:58.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

Let us break bread together, for high voice & orchestra. 13p. Duration: 3:10. Instrumentation: 2222 (alto flute), 4221, timp, perc, strings.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

Lift every voice and sing, by J. Rosamond Johnson, arranged for SATB & orchestra. Duration: 3:50.

AC: chorus; Springfield MA Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor (1982).

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

2 Love songs of John Donne (1958), for high voice, woodwind quintet & string quartet. New York: Edward B. Marks. Text: John Donne. 1. Confined love; 2. The computation. Duration: 8:00. Dedication: Adele Addison. Première: 1958; Donnell Library Composers Forum, New York; Bethany Beardslee, soprano; Arthur Winograd, conductor.

Lysistrata (1952), incidental music to the play by Aristophanes. Commission: Karamu Theater, Cleveland. Première: 1952; Karamu Theater, Cleveland.

Made to order gal, for medium voice. Text: Langston Hughes. Library: Yale (manuscript).

A mighty fortress is our God, by Martin Luther (1529), arranged by Hale Smith, for orchestra.

LP: Royal Philharmionic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977).

4 Mosaics, for piano.

Music for harp and orchestra (1966). New York: Edward B. Marks. Contents: 2 movements. Commission: Symphony of the New World. Première: July 1966; Carnegie Hall, New York; Gloria Agostini, harp; Symphony of the New World; Benjamin Steinberg, conductor.

Nearer my God to thee, for orchestra.

LP: Royal Philharmionic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977).

Night in a distant church, for medium voice & piano.

Nuances of Hale Smith (c1968), incidental television music. New York: Sam Fox. Contents: 7 movements. Commission: Sam Fox. Recorded: Sam Fox SF 1022, Synchrofox Music Library.

Orchestral set (1952). Thesis, Cleveland Institute of Music, 1952. Contents: 4 movements. Duration: 17:00. Instrumentation: 3333, 4331, timp, 3 perc, harp, cel, strings. Première: 20 October 1974; Avery Fisher Hall, New York; Symphony of the New World; Everett Lee, conductor.

Pastoral, for woodwind ensemble.

Piece, alto saxophone & band

Piece, trumpet & band

-----, for trumpet & orchestra.

Piece, woodwinds, brass & percussion

Quartet, strings

Ricco, by Hale Smith and Chico Hamilton, incidental film music.

Ritual and incantations (1974), for orchestra. New York: C. F. Peters, 1975. 70p. (Edition Peters, 66626) Duration: 16:00. Instrumentation: 2222 (p Eh bcl), 4331, timp, 3 perc, piano, harp, strings. Commission: Thorne Music Fund. Dedication: Francis Thorne. Première: 7 September 1974; Houston Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Recorded: (1) (première) 1974; (2) Columbia M-34556 (Detroit Symphony Orches-tra) 1978, (3) (Detroit Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor) 1976. Library: Lerma (1-3)

Rock of ages, for orchestra. Duration: 2:25.

Recorded: Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor) 1977. Library: Lerma.

Samba dees days, by Hale Smith and Byrd, for band. New York: Edward B. Marks.

A set of pieces, trumpet & piano

Somersault (1974), a twelve-tone adventure, for band. New York: Frank Music, 1964. 19p.; condensed score, 11p. (Adventures in form) Duration: 4:00. Commission: Frank Music Corporation. Première: 1964; Chicago; Midwest Band Clinic; John Paynter, conductor. Library: Library of Congress (65-50465) Recorded: Educational Reference Library, Band Program, v2 BP-102 (Baldwin-Wallace Symphonic Band; Kenneth Snapp, conductor) 1969. Library: Lerma.

Sonata, piano (1976).

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976).

Sonata, violoncello & piano (1955). New York: C. F. Peters. (Edition Peters, 66627) Contents: 3 movements. Duration: 25:00. Commission: Kermit Moore. Dedication: Kermit Moore. Première: Kermit Moore, cello.

3 Songs, for medium voice & piano.

4 Songs, for medium voice & piano. New York: Edward B. Marks.

5 Songs, for medium voice & violin.

Study in sonority, for chamber orchestra. Based on Blood wedding.

Take a chance (1964), an aleatoric episode, for band. New York: Frank Music, 1965. 10p. & parts. (Adventures in form, F 609-9) Commission: Frank Music Corporation.

This little light of mine, for high voice & orchestra. 17p. Duration: 4:30. Instrumentation: 2222 p, 0000, perc, strings.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

Toussaint L'Ouverture, 1803 (1977), for SATB & piano. Text: Adelaine Simon. Première: 12 June 1977; Alice Tully Hall, New York; Triad Chorale; Marjorie de Lewis, piano; Noel Da Costa, conductor.

Trinal dance (1968), for band. New York: Duchess Music, 1968. 16p. (score); 6p. (condensed score) & parts. MCA programming series for the young concert band; #14870-067) Duration: 3:20. Commission: Lewis Roth. Library: Library of Congress.

Trio, piano, violin, viola (1970).

Two kids, for SATB. Melville: Belwin Mills, 1973. 10p. (Marks choral library, MC 4594; #15678-9) Text: Cuba Libre, by Nicolas Guillén, translated by Langston Hughes and Ben Frederic Carruthers. Duration: 5:30. Dedication: Russell and Rowena Jelliffe, founders of Karamu House.

You I could never see, for medium voice & piano.

The valley wind (1955), for medium voice & piano. Melville: Belwin Mills, 1974. 16p. 1. The valley wind [text: Lu Yün, translated by Arthur Waley]; 2. Spring; When daisies pied [William Shakespeare]; 3. Envoy in autumn [text: Tu Fu, translated by Powys Mathus]; (4) Velvet shoes [text: Elinor Wylie]. Duration: 15:00. Dedication: Hilda Harris and Zita Carno. Première: 1955; Karamu Theater, Cleveland; Judith Farris, soprano; Gerald Snyder, piano. Movements 1 & 2 part of 1956 master's thesis; movements 3 & 4 part of 1952 master's thesis. Library: Library of Congress (74-221174).

LP: Hilda Harris, mezzo-soprano; Zita Carno, piano CRI SD-301
(1972).

AC: Dorothy Lofton-Jones, soprano; Jeffrey Chappell, piano, no. 1 only (1974) 1974.

LP: Hilda Harris, mezzo-soprano, with piano, no.3 only. University of Michigan SM-0015 (1980).

-----, 4. Melville: Edward B. Marks, 1977 (Anthology of art songs by Black American composers, ed. by Willis Patterson, p126-129

Variations for six players (1975), for woodwind quintet & piano. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1976. Duration: 9:00. Commission: William Scribner. Première: 1975; Bronx.

Yerma (1951), incidental music to the play by Garcia Lorca. Commission: Karamu Theater. Première: 1951; Kamamu Theater, Cleveland.

A mighty fortress is our God, by Martin Luther (1529).

---- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

A ternion of seasons, for narrator, woodwind quintet, brass quintet & percussion. 1. Give me the splendid silent sun; 2. Rhoda; 3. A final affection.

Ain’t got nothin’ on you.

CD: Marylin Harris. Wrightwood Records.

Abide with me.

----- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 2:39.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

----- for band.

CD: American Wind Symphony Orchestra.

Amazing grace.

---- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.. Duration: 2:40.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (America’s favorite hymns; 1977).

America the beautiful.

---- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 3:17.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903Y (America’s favorite hymns; 1977).

Alison, for jazz ensemble.

Recorded: (Benny Bailey; Ahmad Jamal)

Amazing grace.

----- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 2:40.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

America the beautiful. Duration: 3:17.

---- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

Anticpations, introspections, and reflections, for piano (1971). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1979. Première: 1971.

Ask your mama, for 2 narrators & jazz ensemble (1994). Freeport: Halsco Music. Commission: Rawn Spearman. Text: Langston Hughes.

Ayobami, for narrator, children’s chorus, & percussion (2000).

Battle hymn of the repubic,

----- for SATB & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.

AC: Chorus; Springfield (MA) Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor (1982/XI/14).

Beyond the rim of day, for high voice & piano (1950). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1970. 8p. 1. March moon; 2. Troubled woman; 3. To a little lover-lass, dead; 4. Innocence[text: Anne Spencer]. Text: Langston Hughes. Duration: 7:40. Dedication: Gladys Tiff. Première: 1955/V/29; Cleveland, Karamu House; Gladys Tiff, soprano; Charles Baskeville, piano. Library: Library of Congress (LC 70-234237).

AT: Devonna Barnes Rowe, soprano; McCoy Ransom, piano (1982)

----- 1. March moon.

AT: George Shirley, tenor; Wayne Sanders, piano (1976/VI/23, Westminster Choir School).

AT: George Shirley, tenor; Christine Dahl, piano (1995/III/31, Lawrence University, Ben Holt Memorial Concert Series).

CD: Darryl Taylor, tenor; Maria Corley, piano; William Warfield, narrator. Naxos 8.559136 (2002; Dreamer; A portrait of Langston Hughes). Liner notes: “Langston Hughes and music” by Arnold Rampersand (German translation: Tilo Kittel; French translation: Pierre-Martin Juban); Dominique-René de Lerma. 8p.

Blood wedding, incidental music for the play of García Lorca, for chamber orchestra (1953). Commission: Karamu House. Première: Clevenad; Karamu House; Benno Frank, director. Duration: 90:00.

Blooz; All the things you are; Prelude to a kiss; Milagos [by Hale Smith]; Twinkle, twinkle little star (1976).

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976/XII/11; improvised recital, Long Island NY).

Bold new approach, incidental film music (1966).

Breaking bread with Egbert, for piano (1997), Freeport NY: Halsco Music, 1997. Premiere: 1997.

3 Brevities, for flute (1969). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1969 (#15411-4). 5p. 1. Allegro; 2. Slowly; 3. Fast. Duration: 5:15.

AC: Effie Hillian, flute (Morgan State University).

AC: Sally Erisman Turk, flute (Indiana University).

LP: D. Antoinette Handy, flute. Eastern ERS-513 (1973, Contemporary Black images for flute).

By yearning and by beautiful, for string orchestra (1964). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music. Dedication: Russell Atkins, stimulated by his poem of the same name. Première: 1972; Richmond; Richmond Symphony Orchestra, Joseph Kennedy, Jr., conductor. Duration: 6:00.

Castle house rag, for band, incidental film music for The making of Citizen Kane.

CD: American Wind Symphony Orchestra.

Come back, my youth, for voice & piano (1972). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

Comes tomorrow, jazz cantata.for soloists, SATB & jazz rhythm section (1972; rev, 1976). Freeport NY: Halsco Music. Première: 1972.

Concert music, for piano & orchestra (1972). New York: C. F. Peters. Commission: Leon Thompson. Dedication: Jewel Thompson and Leon Thompson. Première: 1972; Richmond; Jewel Thompson, piano; Richmond Symphony Orchestra; Leon Thompson, conductor. Duration: 14:00.

Contours, for orchestra (1961). New York: C. F. Peters, 1962 (Edition Peters, 6503). 37p. Instrumentation: 2222, 4431, timp, perc, harp, piano, strings. Commission: BMI for its 20th anniversary. Dedication: Clarence Cameron White and Wallingford Rieger, in memorium. Première: 1962; Louisville Symphony Orchestra, Robert Whitney, conductor. Duration: 9:00.

AT: Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra; Michael Morgan, conductor (1981/I/15).

LP: Louisville Orchestra; Robert Whitney, conductor. First Editions LOU-632 (1962).

Deep river.

---- for high voice & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

Dialogues and commentaries, for septet (1991). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music. Instrumentation: flute, clarinet and bass clarinet, percussion, piano, violin, viola, and cello.

CD: Boston Musica Viva; Richard Pittman, conductor. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

Doxology.

---- for high voice & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 4:19.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

Duo, violin & piano (1953). New York: C. F. Peters. In 3 movements. Première: 1955; Cleveland, Karamu House; Jeno Antal, violin; Betty Obercker, piano. Duration: 15:00.

AC: Stephen Shipps, violin; Paul Parmalee, piano (Boulder).

Epicedal variations, for violin & piano (1956; rev. 1957). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1979. Première: 1956. Duration: 12:00.

Evocation, for piano (1965). New York: C. F. Peters, 1966 (Edition Peters, 6875). 3p. Commission: International Library of Piano Music. Dedication: Bascom and Sue Little. Original title: Aphorism. Première: 1965; Cleveland; Elliott Golub, violin; John Ferritto, piano. Duration: 4:00.

AC: Natalie Hinderas, piano (1971/VI/30, Indiana University).

CD: Karen Walwyn, piano. Albany TROY 266 (1997, Dark fires; 20th-century music for piano).

CD: Natalie Hinderas, piano. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

CD: Leonard Lehrman, piano. Capstone 8661 (2000; Long Island Composer’s Alliance)

CD: Natalie Hinderas, piano. CRI CD 629 (1992; Piano music by African American composers). Liner notes: Dominique-René de Lerma, 19p.

CD: Glen Inanga, piano (2003/VIII/1, Churchill College, University of Cambridge).

LP: Natalie Hinderas, piano. Desto DC-7102/3 (1971).

Exchanges, for trumpet & band (1970). New York: E. B. Marks, 1976. Première: 1970.

AC: Jeanne Pocius, trumpet; University of Connecticut Wins Ensemble; Gene Young, conductor.

----- for trumpet & piano, arr. by Thomas Crane. New York: Edward B. Marks, 1976. (MS 1868; #15861-13). 11p. & part.

Expansions, for band (1967). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1967 (Marks band library, CB-130). 28p. Première: 1967. Duration: 8:17.

CD: Northwestern University Symphonic Wind Ensemble; John P. Paynter, conductor. New World Records 80211 (1997, Winds of change).

LP: Southern Illinois University Band; C. Dale Fjerstad, conductor. Educational Record Reference Library Band Program v7 BP-172 (1968).

LP: Southern Illinois University Band; C. Dale Fjerstad, conductor. Century Records Dimension 27361 (1968).

LP: Northwestern University Symphonic Wind Ensemble; John P. Paynter, conductor. New World Records NW-211 (1977).

CD: Dimension 27361.

CD: Colombo BP 107.

Faces of jazz, for piano (1965). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1968. 16p. (#15334-16) 1. My scarf is yellow; 2. The broken saxophone [dedication: Eric Dolphy]; 3. Pooty's blues; 4. Day's end [dedication: Eric Dolphy]; 5. Off-beat Shorty; 6. Blooz [dedication: Ahmad Jamal]; 7. Following [dedication: John Lewis]; 8. Scrambled eggs and Ernie [dedication: Ernie Wilkins]; 9. That's Mike; 10. An asphodel for Marcel;11. Goin' in a hurry [dedication: Ahmad Jamal]; 12. Come to my party [dedication: William Randall]. ISBN 0793549825.

LP: John Young, piano. Young Sound YS-62246 (1985; Rags, jazz, blues and dances).

CD: Protone Records NRPR-2201.

---- for flute & piano.

CD: Aguilar-Delgado Duo [David Aguilar, flute; Imelda Delgado, piano]. (lacks 5th and 12th movements) Protone NRPR 2201.

For one called Billy, for piano (1975). Freeport NY: Halsco Music. Originally published in Black perspective in music  Dedication: William Grant Still.

He never said a mumbalin’ word, for high voice & orchestra
(1979).

LP: William Brown, tenor; Barbara Jordan, narrator; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (Symphonic spirituals; 1979).

Honor, honor, for high voice & orchestra.

VC: William Brown, tenor; Victoria Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. CBC (1985).

I dream of Jeannine with the light brown hair (1976), by Stephen Foster.

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976/XII/11; improvised recital, Long Island NY).

I love music

CD: Judi Silvano

I’m coming home, for SATB & optional jazz rhythm section (1974). New York: E. B. Marks, 1974.

I’m going to sing, for tenor, clarinet, violin, violoncell & piano (1991). Freeport: Halsco Music.

----- for tenor & piano.

In memoriam Beryl Rubinstein, for SATB & piano (1953). New York: Highgate Press, 1959 (Cleveland Compoers Guild). 1. Ah; Moderato [vocalize]; 2. Poème d'automne [text: Langston Hughes]; 3. Elegy [text: Russell Atkins]. Duration: 10:30.

----- for SATB & chamber orchestra (1958). New York: Galaxy Music, 1959

LP: Kulas Choir and Chamber Orchestra; Robert Shaw, conductor. CRI SD-182 (c1964; Cleveland Composers Guild, vol. 1).

CD: Kulas Choir and Chamber Orchestra; Robert Shaw, conductor. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

In memoriam Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

CD: Chicago Sinfonietta; Paul Freeman, conductor (1995). Cedille 61 CED (African heritage series).

Innerflexions, for orchestra (1977). Boston: Oliver Ditson, 1977. Commission: Leo Thompson. Première: 1977; New York, Avery Fischer Hall; New York Philharmonic. Duration: 13:54.

AC: Springfield (MA) Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor (1982/XI/14).

CD: Slovak Symphony Orchestra; Anton Nanut, conductor. CRI CD-590 (1991).

CD: Slovenic Symphony Orchestra; Anton Nanut, conductor. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

Introduction, cadenzas, and interludes, for octet (1976). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1976. Instumentation: flute and alto flute, oboe, clarinet, harp, violin, viola & violoncello. Commission: Sea Cliff Chamber Players, Nassau County Office of Cuktural Developpment, John Maerhofer, director. Première: 1976; Sea Cliff amber layers. Duration: 12:00.

CD: Musical Heritage Society MHS 512563.

Introspections and reflections, for piano.

AC: Jo Ann Richardson, piano (1980/I, Washington, Kennedy Center).

Inventions of non-existent melodies, for piano (1976).

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976/XII/11; improvised recital, Long Island NY).

Jesus, lay your head in the window (c1978). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

CD: Louise Toppin, soprano; Howard Watkins, piano. Centaur 2375 (1998, Songs of illumination).

CD: Randye Jones, soprano; Francis Conlon, piano. Ahhjay Records Ahhj-0001 (Come down angels).

---- for high voice & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. 19p. Instrumentation: 2122 Eh, 4221, perc, strings. Duration: 3:58

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

VC: William Brown, tenor; Victoria Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. CBC (1985).

Joplin’s dirty rags, for 2 pianos and ragtime band (1983). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

Let us break bread together.

---- for high voice & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. 13p. Duration: 3:10. Instrumentation: 2222 (alto flute), 4221, timp, perc, strings.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979; Symphonic spirituals).

VC: William Brown, tenor; Victoria Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. CBC (1985).

Lift every voice and sing, by J. Rosamond Johnson.

---- for high voice & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.  Duration: 3:50.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979). (Symphonic spirituals).

----- for SATB & orchestra.

AC: Chorus; Springfield (MA) Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor (1982/XI/14).

2 Love songs of John Donne, for soprano, woodwind quintet & string quartet (1958). Freeport NY: Halsco Music. 1. Confined love;
2. The computation.
Text: John Donne. Dediction: Adele Addison. Première: 1958; New York; Donnell Library Composer’ Forum; Bethany Berdslay, soprano; Arthus Winograd, conductor. Duration: 8:00.

Lysistrata, incidental music for the play by Aristophanes (1952).

March and fanfare for an elegant lady, for band (1986). Freeport: Halsco Music.

Meditations in passage, for mezzo-soprano, bass-baritone & instrumental ensemble (1982). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1982. Text: Hale Smith.. Commission: Fisk University, Institute for Research in Black American Music.

----- for mezzo-soprano, baritone & piano.

---- Duet. Duration: 11:36.

AC: Bonita Hyman, mezzo-soprano; Donnie Ray Albert, bass-baritone; Black Music Repertory Ensemble; Kirk Edward Smith, conductor (1991/02/09). CBMR-002-C1 (1992).

4 Mosaics, for piano (1948). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

Music for harp & chamber orchestra (1967). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music. Première: 1967. In 2 movements. Commission: Symphony of the New World. Première: 1967; New York, Carnegie Hall; Gloria Agistini, harp; Symphony of the New World; Benjamin Steinberg, conductor. Duration: 13:00.

Music for martyrs, for bass, percussion & piano (1997). Freeport: Halsco Music.

CD: Kevin Maynor, bass; Ngwaku Manamela, percussion; Jeff Middleton, piano. (2003, The Biko project).

My God is so high

----- for soprano & orchestra; arr. by Hale Smith.

AC: Kathleen Battle, soprano; orchestra; James Levine, conductor. (1991; Spirituals in concert).

CD: Kathleen Battle, soprano; orchestra; James Levine, conductor. Polygram Records 429790 (1991; Spirituals in concert).

Nearer my God to thee.

----- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 2:32.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

Nuances of Hale Smith, incidental music for television and radio (1968). New York: Sam Fox, 1968. In 7 movements. Commission: Sam Fox Publishers. Duration: 15:00.

LP: Synchronofox Music Library Sam Fox SF 1022.

Onward, Christian soldiers.

----- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

Orchestral set, for orchestra (1952; rev. 1968). New York: C. F. Peters (graduate paper, Cleveland Institute of Music). Première: 1974; New York; Symphony of the New World; Everett Lee, conductor. Duration: 15:00.

3 Patterson lyrics, for soprano & piano (1985). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1986.

Recitative and aria, for English horn & band (1995).

Ritual and incantations, for orchestra (1974). New York: C. F. Peters, 1975 (Edition Peters, 66626). 70p. Instrumentation: 2222 (p Eh bcl), 4331, timp, 3 perc, piano, harp, strings. Commission: Thorne Music Fund. Dedication: Francis Thorne. Première: 1974/X/09; Houston Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Duration: 16:00.

AC: Detroit Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, cnductor (1977/X/09).

AC: Houston Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freman, conductor (1974/IX/07).

CD: Chicago Sinfonietta; Paul Freeman, conductor (1995). Cedille CDR 90000 061 (2001; African heritage series, v2). Liner notes: Dominique-René de Lerma.

CD: Detroit Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor (1978). Sony Music DSO 1111(2002; Black composers series). Liner notes: Dominique-René de Lerma.

CD: Detroit Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Royce Music 1111 (2002; Black composers series).

LP: Detroit Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia M-34556 (1978, The Black composers series)

Riverain, for band (1993). New York: C. F. Peters, 1993.

Rock of ages.

---- for orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. Duration: 2:25.

LP: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. Musical Heritage Society MHS-3903 (1977, America’s favorite hymns).

Solemn music, for organ and brass ensemble (1979). New York: C. F. Peters, 1986. Commission: Leon Thompson. Instrumentation: 4430.

Somersault, A twelve-tone adventure, for band (1974). New York: Frank Music, 1964. (Adventures in form). 19p.; condensed score, 11p. Duration: 4:00.

LP: Baldwin-Wallace Symphonic Band; Kenneth Snapp, conductor Educational Reference Library, Band Program, v2 BP-102 (1969).

Frank Music FR 3465.

Sonata, piano, in three improvised movements (1976).

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976/XII/11; improvised recital, Long Island NY).

Sonata, violoncello & piano (1955). New York: C. F. Peters, 1984. In 3 movements. Commission: Kermit Moore. Dedication: Kermit Moore. Première: 1956; Europe; Kermit Moore, violoncello. Duration: 22:00.

3 Songs, for contralto & piano (1949). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.
1. Dream variations; 2. From the delta’s unmarked graves; 3. Prayer. Text: Langston Hughes?

5 Songs for soprano and violin (1956). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

Symphonic spirituals, for voice & orchestra (1980). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

----- for voice & piano.

Take a chance; An aleatoric episode, for band (1964). New York: Frank Music, 1965.

CD: Keystone Winds. Projected release 2003.

Talk about a child that do love Jesus, for soprano, & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith.

AC: Kathleen Battle, soprano; orchestra; James Levine, conductor. =(1991; Spirituals in concert).

CD: Kathleen Battle, soprano; orchestra; James Levine, conductor. Polygram Records 429790 (1991; Spirituals in concert).

The valley wind, for medium voice & piano (1955). Melville: Belwin Mills, 1974. 16p. 1. The valley wind [text: Lu Yün, translated by Arthur Waley]; 2. Spring; When daisies pied [William Shakespeare];
3. Envoy in autumn [text: Tu Fu, translated by Powys Mathus];
4. Velvet shoes [text: Elinor Wylie]. Original title: 4 Songs. Duration: 15:00. Première: 1955/V/2; Cleveland, Karamu House.

CD: Hilda Harris, mezzo-soprano; Zita Carno, piano. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

LP: Hilda Harris, mezzo-soprano; Zita Carno, piano. CRI SD-301 (1972).

----- 1. The valley wind.

AT: Dorothy Lofton Jones, soprano; Jeffery Chappell, piano (1974/XI/19, Peabody Conservatory of Music).

----- 3. Envoy in autumn.

LP: Hilda Harris, mezzo-soprano, with unidentified piano. . University of Michigan SM-0015 (1980; Art songs by Black American
composers).

This little light of mine, for voice & piano.

CD: Richard Heard, tenor; Pamela Howland, piano. HM Classics (1998; Aint-a a that good news?).

---- for high voice & orchestra, arr. by Hale Smith. 17p. Instrumentation: 2222 p, 0000, perc, strings. Duration: 4:30.

LP: William Brown, tenor; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra of London; Paul Freeman, conductor. Columbia JC-36267 (1979).

This lil’ light of mine, for voice & piano.

Tra la la lamia, for soprano, tenor, baritone & piano (1991). Freeport NY: Halsco Music.

Trinal dance, for band (1965). New York: Duchess Music, 1968.

CD: Florida A&M Band. College Band Directors National Association, Atlanta, 1997.

Two kids, for SATB (1950). New York: Edward B. Marks, 1973..

To be young, gifted, and Black, arr. for Nina Simone.

Toussaint l’Ouverture 1803, for SATB (1976). Bryn Mawr: Marerion Music, 1979.

CD: Mark Husey; Alexandria Choral Society; Kerry Krebill, conductor. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

Tura-lura-lura, for piano (1976).

AC: Hale Smith, piano (1976/XII/11; improvised recital, Long Island NY).

Variations a due, for violoncello & alto saxophone (doubling optionally on soprano saxophone, flute or clarinet) (1984). Contans 3 variations. Freeport: Halsco Music..

CD: Timothy Holley, cello; Ira Wiggins, saxophone. CRI 860 (2000; Music of Hale Smth).

Variations for six players, for woodwind quintet & piano (1975). Bryn Mawr: Merion Music, 1976. Première: 1975..

Variations on a quasi-classical tune for string orchestra of young players (1992). Freeport: Halsco Music.

When I look in your eyes

CD: Helene Williams. Capstone Records CPS-8667

Witness

VC: William Brown, tenor; Victoria Symphony Orchestra; Paul Freeman, conductor. CBC (1985).

16 Bibliography
Prof. Dominique-René de Lerma

Contours for orchestra" in Louisville Orchestra [program notes] (1962/X/17) p2.

“As it happened" in Black music research journal (1980) p113-119.

“Black composers” in Newsweek (1974/IV/15).

“Contemporary composers and their works” in Music and artists, v4n2 (1971) P10.

Contours for orchestra" in Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra [program notes] (1967/III/10) p76-81.

Contours for orchestra" in Musical America, v82 (1962/XI) p42.

“Hale Smith" in BMI (1963/III).

“Hale Smith” in Sonorities in Black music: a concert series, first concert, 12 December 1978, ed. by Dominique-René de Lerma. Baltimore: Morgan State University, 1978, p4-5.

“In concert” in BMI music world (1995/winter) p54-55.

“The changing scene” in Music educators journal, v50n6 (1964) p14.

Abdul-Rahim, Raoul. “Hale Smith’s Rituals” in Blacks in classical music. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1977, p42-43.

Abdul-Rahim, Raoul. “Reading the score: panorama of symphonic music” in New York Amsterdam news, v68n39 (1977/IX/24) pD6.

American music, v3n1, p111

Anderson, Thomas Jefferson. "Black composers and the avant-garde" by T. J. Anderson, Hale Smith, and Olly Wilson, in Black music in our culture, ed. by Dominique-René de Lerma. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1970, p62-78.

Ardoin, John. "A Black composers' concert" in American musical digest, v1n5 (1970) p5-6.

Ardoin, John. “A Black composers’ concert” in Dallas morning news (1970/I/31).

ASOL 1992

Baker, David Nathaniel, Jr. The Black composer speaks, by David Baker, Lida Belt, and Herman Hudson. Metuchen: 1978.

Baker’s 1992

Banfield, William C. Landscapes in color; Conversations with Black American composers. Landham MD.: Scarecrow Press, 2003. xvi, 380p. ISBN 0-8108-3706-4.

Black music research journal, 1980, p92, 93; 1981-1982, p73, 96, 128, 144, 149; 1983, p51; v10n1, p102

Black perspective in music, v1p97, 99, 101, 102; v3n1, p123, 131, 140, 176, 239, 305; 348; v4n1, p124; v4n3, p340, 350; v5n2, p237, 238, 240; v6n1, p110; v6n2, p147, 238, 239; v7n2, p249, 264; 265; v9n2, p125, 243; v10n1, p96; v10n2, p235; v11n1, p93; v11n2, p233; v12n2, p281; v13n1, p33, 128; v14n1, p32, 38, 55, 57, 60, 66, 68, 80, 81; v17, p18, 19, 192, 203; v18, p248

Blackwell 1978

Bogle 1989, p115

Breda, Malcolm Joseph. “Smith, Hale” by Malcolm J. Breda and Samuel A. Floyd, Jr., in International dictionary of Black composers, ed. by Samuel A. Floyd, Jr. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999, v2, p1035-1043.

Breda, Malcolm Joseph. Hale Smith; A biographical and analytical study of the man and his music. Graduate paper (Ph.D., music education) University of Southern Mississippi, 1975. 240 p. works list., thematic cat., discog. DDM Code: 71woBreM; DA no.: 36/08:4835; RILM no.: 76/10848dd; UM no.: 76-04,434.

Browning, Graeme. “Fisk concert to premier vocal work” in Tennesseean (1980/IV/24) p32. [Meditations in passage]

Bull 1964, 1974,

Bull, Storm. Index to biographies of contemporary composers, vol. 3. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1987. xxiv, 854p. ISBN 0-8108-1930-9.

Burton, Larry. “Fanfare event creates new symphony fans” in The times [Shreveport?] (c1992).

Caldwell, Hansonia La Verne. "Conversation with Hale Smith, a man of many parts" in The Black perspective in music, v3n1 (1975/spring) p58-76.

Carter, Madison H. An annotated catalogue of composers of African ancestry. New York: Vantage Press, 1986. (Hale, Jr.)

Center for Black Music Research. Digest, v2n2, p14; v3n2, p4; v3n3, p1, 4.

Claghorn, Chas E. Biographical dictionary of American music. West Nyack NY: Parker Publishing, 1973.

Cody, Carlos B. A study of selected band compositions of three twentieth century composers: William Grant Still, Ulysses Kay, and Hale Smith. Graduate paper (Ph.D.) University of Southern Mississippi, 1990.

Davis, Mark Hosea. Five wind band works of Hale Smith and their implications for a multicultural curriculum. Graduate paper (Ed.D.) Washington University, 1994.

Davis, Peter G. "Music tribute: Howard Swanson is honored by Triad Chorale" in New York times (1977/VI/13) p35.

Davis, Russell H. Black Americans in Cleveland. Washington: Associated Publishers, 1972, p402.

Erickson, Frank. “A composer discusses band music” in School musician, v39 (1967/X) p64-65. [Somersault]

Evans, Arthur Lee. The development of the Negro spiritual as choral art music by Afro-American composers, with an annotated guide to the performance of selected spirituals. Graduate paper (Ph.D., music) University of Miami, 1972. 264p. LC 73-5837; RILM 76/13629.

Everett, Thomas. "Concert band music by Black-American composers" in The Black perspective in music, v6n2 (fall 1978) p143-150.

Everett, Thomas. “Concert band music by Black-American composers” in Black perspective in music, v6n2 (1978/fall) p143-150.

Fisk 1980, p14, 112

Fleisher 1979

Gastner, Adrian, ed. International who’s who in music and musicians’ directory. 8th ed. Cambridge UK: International who’s who in music, 1977.

Greene, Frank. Composers on record; an index to biographical informatrion on 14,000 composers whose music has been recorded. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1985. 636p. OSBN 0-8108-1816-7.

Handy, D. Antoinette. Black music; Opinions and reviews. Ettrick VA: BM&M, 1974., p8, 56

Harris, Carl Gordon, Jr. A study of characteristic stylistic trends found in the choral works of a selected group of Afro-American composers and arrangers. Graduate paper ( D.M.A., performance) University of Missouri-Kansas City, 1972. viii, 178 p. facs., mus. exs., append. DDM Code: 71voHarC; DA no.: 33/07:3696; RILM no.: UM no.: 72-29,463.

Harris, Carl Gordon, Jr. “Three schools of Black choral composers and arrangers, 1900-1970” in School music news, v34n4 (1974/XII) p33-39.

Harris, Carl Gordon, Jr. “Three schools of Black choral composers and arrangers, 1900-1970” in Choral journal, v14n8 (1974/IV) p11-15, 17-18.

Hedgepeth 1991

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